As plans for planting and getting into fields accelerate, preparing ahead for manure application will help to streamline the process, insure proper nutrient application rates to support anticipated crop yields, prevent nutrient losses, and comply with manure application regulations.
Producers should consider the following management tips as they prepare for spring manure applications:
- Collect representative manure samples and submit the samples to a certified lab to have them analyzed for major crop nutrients, including nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.
- Reduce the spring manure application rate based on nutrient carryover (specifically nitrogen) from legumes grown on the field the previous year.
- Calibrate manure application equipment so that you know how much manure is applied on the available land.
- Determine the appropriate application rates for each field based upon the manure nutrient concentration, soil tests and the crop being grown on those fields. Nutrient application rates are usually based on nitrogen or phosphorus.
- Inspect manure-handling and application equipment to make sure it will function correctly. Replace or repair anything that needs to be fixed to prevent leaks and spills.
- Reduce the spring manure application rate to account for nutrients from fall manure applications or previous fertilizer applications.
- Determine the location of buffers and sensitive areas in fields to which manure will be applied, and consider the location of drainage areas and tile lines. Remember specific setbacks that need to be adhered to in your nutrient management plan.
- Visit with neighbors to inform them of expected upcoming application dates and determine if there are days when manure application might be avoided.
- Monitor weather forecasts before manure application and avoid applying immediately prior to predicted rainfall.
- Be sure your manure application record-keeping calendar or system is prepared and up-to-date.
During manure application, keep in mind the following:
- Do not apply manure to saturated or very wet fields. Manure applied to wet fields is more likely to leave the field in runoff or tile flow. Also, heavy application equipment can cause significant compaction, which can result in reduced yields.
- Be mindful of wind speed and direction and how these may impact neighbors during application. Adjust application schedules accordingly.
- Check and monitor application equipment (i.e. hoses, pipes, pumps, etc.) at least once daily during application for any leaks or malfunctioning equipment.
- Apply manure to fields according to calculated rates. Do not over-apply.
- Record the date, acreage and field location, amount and source of any manure applied. Record actual nitrogen and phosphorus application rates for each field.
Manure application periods are very important for livestock producers. Proper management and application of manure is essential to maximize the fertilizer value of the manure, meet regulatory requirements, protect the environment and foster good neighborhood relations. PD
References omitted due to space but are available upon request by emailing email@example.com.
—Excerpts from Purdue University Extension website
Tamilee Nennich is a nutrient management with Purdue University. Email Tamilee Nennich.